Overview of Strategic Infrastructure Projects
Green hydrogen is an important emerging industrial sector in South Africa with significant opportunities for job creation and sustainable development. Nine projects have been published in the Government Gazette as priority areas for government in partnership with business and other sectors.
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Prieska Power Reserve
This catalytic project will begin producing green hydrogen and ammonia in 2026 by combining high-yield renewable solar and wind energy, with the natural resources of water and air, in an area outside Prieska. This will capitalise on South Africa’s competitive advantages in the renewable energy market and aims to produce competitively priced green hydrogen and ammonia, primarily for use by international and European users in agriculture, transportation, chemical and electrical backup generation.
Ubuntu Green Energy Hydrogen Project
This project entails the production of green hydrogen using electrolysis and powered by renewable solar energy and wind turbines, coupled with storage capacity. Sixty percent of the green hydrogen produced will be used to make green ammonia. The remaining 40% will be sold on the domestic market, with an option to fuel generators on site to produce emergency power for the national electricity grid.
Boegoebaai Green Hydrogen Development Programme
The Boegoebaai programme aims to develop a green hydrogen and green hydrogen derivatives hub on the West Coast of the Northern Cape. Project targets include a first tranche of 1.2 GW electrolyser capacity to be completed by 2028, scaling up to 5 GW by 2035 and 10–20 GW by 2050.
Atlanthia Green Hydrogen
Proposed for the Saldanha Bay Industrial Development Zone (SBIDZ), in phase 1 renewable energy will be generated using solar and/or wind sources to produce green hydrogen via known electrolysis technologies. Green nitrogen will be produced in parallel using the renewable energy sources via an air separation unit, pressure swing absorption or nitrogen generator technologies. Green hydrogen and green nitrogen will be combined to produced green ammonia using Haber-Bosch, or similar, technology and renewable energy. Water requirements will be met using sea water, grey water or municipal sources, utilising desalination and reverse osmosis technologies powered by renewable resources to minimise the impact on energy.
Upilanga Solar and Green Hydrogen Park
This phase II project will consist of a baseload dispatchable solar power facility capable of supplying baseload solar power during the day and at night, and an electrolyser plant for green hydrogen production. Renewable energy generated via concentrated solar and PV sources will meet the electrolyser demand.
Sasolburg Green Hydrogen Production Hub
A programme of projects is proposed to enable the transition of Sasolburg from fossil fuels to sustainable feedstocks. This entails the procurement of renewable energy for Sasolburg’s green hydrogen production, by June 2023, with dedicated solar and wind plants developed by independent power producers (IPPs). Increased renewable energy will be procured from IPP’s to the plant from off-site sources wheeled through the grid, and embedded renewable power generation sources.
Sasol’s existing operations in Secunda produce energy products such as petrol, diesel, jet fuel and various chemicals with a high carbon footprint. The feedstocks for these operations currently include coal and natural gas. Secunda seeks to transition to more sustainable feedstocks such as carbon from unavoidable carbon sources like biomass and to green hydrogen using electrolysis technology.
This project proposes using electrolysis, with a renewable energy feed based on solar PV and onshore wind turbines. It is anticipated that the project will produce green ammonia when fully operational – expected in 2028.
Hydrogen Valley Corridor
Limpopo, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal
Anglo American’s proposed Green Hydrogen Valley comprises nine pilot projects to kickstart the hydrogen economy in the transport (mining trucks, heavy duty freight, buses), industrial (ammonia/chemicals) and buildings (fuel cell power) sectors. The projects are located across four nodes in Limpopo (Mogalakwena), Gauteng (Johannesburg), and KwaZulu-Natal (Durban and Richards Bay).